大学入学共通テスト2022(R)⑧第6問A

今回は、第5問 を終えて
第6問 A に入ります。

基本的な問題の扱い方

今回、このブログでは、
共通テスト(英語)の「リーディング」の問題だけを扱うこととします。

基本的な問題の扱い方は、下記の通りにします。

①問題の提示
※基本的には「大問」毎に扱う予定ですが、問題の量などによりそれより細かく区切って取り扱うこともあります。
②模範解答の提示
③解説
④そのほかの補説

第6問A:配点12点 ▶︎各3点(4問)

それでは、第6問 A の問題を見ていきましょう。

A  Your study group is learning about “how time of day affects people.” You
have found an article you want to share. Complete the summary notes for
your next meeting.

When Does the Day Begin for You?

ー When asked “Are you a morning person?” some reply “No, I’m a night
owl.” Such people can concentrate and create at night. At the other end of 
the clock, a well-known proverb claims: “The early bird catches the warm,”
which means that waking early is the way to get food, win prices, and reach
goals. The lark is a morning singer, so early birds, the opposite of owls, are
larks. Creatures active during the day are “diurnal” and those emerging at 
night are “nocturnal.”

ー Yet another proverb states: “Early to bed, early to rise makes a man 
healthy, wealthy, and wise.” Larks may jump out of bed and welcome the
morning with a big breakfast, while owls hit the snooze button, getting ready
at the last minute, usually without breakfast. They may have fewer meals, 
but they eat late in the day. Not exercising after meals can cause weight 
gain. Perhaps larks are healthier. Owls must work or learn on the lark
schedule. Most schooling occurs before 4:00 p.m., so young larks may 
perform certain tasks better. Business deals made early in the day may make
some larks wealthier.

ー What makes one person a lark and another an owl? One theory suggests
preference for day or night has to do with time of birth. In 2010, Cleveland
State University researchers found evidence that not only does a person’s
internal clock start at the moment of birth, but that those born at night 
might have lifelong challenges performing during daytime hours. Usually,
their world experience begins with darkness. Since traditional study time 
and office work happen in daylight, we assume that day begins in the 
morning. People asleep are not first in line, and might miss chances.

ー Does everyone follow the system of beginning days in the morning? The
Jewish people, an approximately 6,000-year-old religious group, believe a
day is measured from sundown until the following sundown-from eve to eve.
Christians continue this tradition with Christian Eve. The Chinese use their
system of 12 animals not only to mark years,  but to separate each two-
hour period of the day. Chinese culture also begins the day at night. In
other words, ancient customs support how owls view time.

ー Research indicates owls are smarter and more creative. So, perhaps larks
are not always wiser! That is to say, larks win “healthy” and sometimes
“wealthy,” but they may lose “wise.” In an early report, Richard D. Roberts
and Patrick C. Kyllonen state that owls tend to be more intelligent. A later,
comprehensive study by Franzis Preckel,  for which Roberts was one of 
the co-authors, came to the same conclusion. It is not all good news for 
owls, though. Not only can schoolwork be a challenge, but they may miss
daytime career opportunities and are more likely to enjoy the bad habits
of “nightlife,” playing at night while larks sleep. Nightlife tends to expensive.
A University of Barcelona study suggests larks are precise, seek perfection,
and feel little stress. Owls seek new adventures and exciting leisure activities,
yet they often have trouble relaxing.

ー Can people change? While the results are not all in, studies of young 
adults seem to say no, we are hard-wired. So, as young people grow and
acquire more freedom, they end up returning to their lark or owl nature.
However, concerns arise that this categorization may not fit everyone. In
addition to time of birth possibly being an indication, a report published in
Nature Communications suggests that DNA may also affect our habits
concerning time. Other works focus on changes occurring in some people
due to aging or illness. New research in this area appears all the time. A 
study of university students in Russia suggests that there are six types,
so owls and larks may not be the only birds around!

問1  Choose the best option for【 39 】.
① achieve goals quickly
② likes keeping pet birds
③ lively in the daytime
④ skillful in finding food

問2  Choose the best option for【 40 】.
① a more flexible time and performance schedule will be developed in the 
future
② enjoying social activities in the morning becomes more important as we
age
③ it might be hard for us to change what time of day we perform best
④ living on the owl schedule will eventually lead to social and financial
benefits

問3  Choose the best option for【 41 】.
① explain that certain societies have long believed that a day begins at night
② indicate that nocturnal people were more religious in the past
③ say that people have long thought they miss chances due to morning 
laziness
④ support the idea that owls must go to work or school on the lark 
schedule

問4 Choose the two best options for【 42 】and【 43 】
① amount of sleep
② appearance
③ behavior
④ cultural background
⑤ religious beliefs
⑥ time of birth

 

👉模範解答と解説は次のページです。

中学校英語の基礎固め用のブログを作りました!
ブログ「5問で復習-中学校英語の基礎」

このブログは、
中学生を対象としたものです。
英語の基礎固めを目的として、
毎回のテーマに合わせた問題が
5問出題され、
次のページでそれに対する
解答・詳しい解説がなされる、
という構成になっています。
興味がある方は、
どうぞ訪問してみてください。

2022大学入学共通テスト
スポンサーリンク
keiをフォローする
英語の素 eigonomoto.com

コメント

タイトルとURLをコピーしました